So far, there is no full-text search for the entries published under methodology. However, such a full-text search is planned and under development and will be available in one of the next versions of VerbaAlpina. In the meantime, the full-text search of the browser (usually Ctrl+F) can be used instead, after clicking on "Show all entries".

Show all entries

A   B   C   D   E   F  G   H  I   J  K   L   M   N   O   P   Q  R   S   T   U  V   W   X  Y  Z 

chrono referencing  (Quote)

(auct. Katharina Knapp | Thomas Krefeld | Stephan Lücke)

Tags: Web page

Citation method  (Quote)

(auct. Stephan Lücke | Susanne Oberholzer)

Tags: Web page

Code Page  (Quote)

(auct. Stephan Lücke)

Tags: Linguistics Information technology

Concept  (Quote)

(auct. Thomas Krefeld)

Tags: Linguistics

Concept Description  (Quote)

(auct. Giorgia Grimaldi | Thomas Krefeld)

Tags: Information technology

Continuity  (Quote)

The question of the tradition continuity is of fundamental importance when reconstructing multilingual communication spaces. It has to be dealt with in an interdisciplinary way for the purposes of a data-driven, inductive approach. But even with combined efforts or several discplines it would not be reasonable to expect a large number of answers regarding the Pre-Roman substrata of the Alpine region. However, the starting point regarding the Romance substratum in the nowadays German- and Slowenian-speaking subareas is much better. The language shift from Romance to German is absolutely a historical constant, that can even be observed currently in the Grisons. The process starts already with the fall of the Roman infrastructure (in 476); the period which follows immediately thereafter is of most interest for linguistic history. However, it is extremely sparsely documented in writing so that the cooperation with other historic subjects, especially with archaeology, is imperative. Although there are still big research gaps, there is at least the work of Weindauer 2014, which studies the archaeological and onomastic sources (6th-8th century) of southern Upper Bavaria, the Salzburg area and the Tyrolean Inntal. Hence, one can exclude a longer, fondamental interruption of settlement between the Roman era and the times of the Bajuwaren ("eine längere, grundlegende Siedlungsunterbrechung zwischen Römer- und Bajuwarenzeit", Weindauer 2014, 248) as all evidence is in favour of a fluid transition of the settlement structure from the Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages ("einen fließenden Übergang der Besiedlungsstruktur von der Spätantike zum Frühmittelalter", Weindauer 2014, 248). Nevertheless, a gradual difference between the mentioned areas persists regarding the empirical consolidation: "Was bezüglich des Zusammenhangs spätantiker und frühmittelalterlicher Fundstellen für das oberbayerische Alpenvorland noch überwiegend theoretisch galt {...}, findet in den österreichischen Gebieten seine nachweisliche Bestätigung: Die frühmittelalterlichen Ortsgründungen des 6. Jhs. orientieren sich fast ausschließlich an spätrömischer Infrastruktur bzw. – soweit noch vorhanden – an der romanischen Siedlungsstruktur." (Weindauer 2014, 257; translation: What has been valid still mainly theoretically for the foothills of the Alps of southern Upper Bavaria regarding the link between places of discoveries from the Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages {...}, is confirmed by the Austrian areas: The Early Middle Ages foundings of places )

(auct. Thomas Krefeld – trad. Susanne Oberholzer)

Tags: Linguistics

Cooperation  (Quote)

(auct. Thomas Krefeld | Stephan Lücke)

Tags: Functional areas

Crowdsourcing  (Quote)

Although there are already a lot of relevant linguistic data regarding the fields of investigation of VerbaAlpina (especially in atlases and dictionaries), it is an aim of the project to collect new data. By this new collection, (1) inconsistencies between the existing sources shall be evened out, (2) gaps or rather inaccuracies shall be disposed and (3) antiquated designations or rather devices shall be marked as such. However, the new collection of data shall not be carried out by the traditional methods of field research, but by the means that the social media offer us by now. The corresponding methods are often subsumed under the term crowdsourcing. The reference to the crowd can in some respects be misunderstood, not least because many associate arbitrariness, amateurishness and insufficient reliability with the term. The reservations are not completely unjustified as the corresponding methods are indeed directed at a vague and anonymous crowd of potential interested persons. Fundamental problems arise from two directions: 1) from the scientific provider of the project, 2) from the target group of the project, which can consist in linguistic laymen, but not necessarily need to do so. The offer has to be adequately 'visible' and attractive and the target group has to have sufficient linguistic competence and sufficient knowledge regarding the specific subject. There are different strategies to handle this. One can try for example to increase the offer's attractiveness by designing it in an entertaining way and with interfaces that have play character. The project alliance play4science). The competence can be judged by specific questions of knowledge, but it is unquestionably more reliable to get confirmed and validated the provided data by other speakers from the same places.

(auct. Thomas Krefeld | Stephan Lücke – trad. Susanne Oberholzer)

Tags: Functional areas Information technology